ធឿន ធារ៉ា vs ថៃ រិទ្ធី, ម៉ាស់ហ្វៃ, ៣១ តុលា ២០២១

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What is Kun Khmer?

Kun Khmer shares the same roots as Thailand’s Muay Thai, Myanmar’s Lethwei, and Laos’ Muay Lao. An ancient martial art dating back to the Angkor Empire, Kun Khmer is now considered Cambodia’s national sport. Kun Khmer is also called Pradal Serey, which can be translated as “free fighting.” While it may share many similarities to Muay Thai, Cambodians say that Kun Khmer has its own deep and rich history. Many even claim that Muay Thai originated from Kun Khmer. In ancient times, Kun Khmer bouts were often fought to the death. Fighters either wore no gloves or wore seashells over their knuckles to inflict maximum damage.

In the modern era of Kun Khmer, the rules governing the sport are very similar to Muay Thai and the fights consist of five 3-minute rounds with gloves. As Cambodia’s national sport, the popularity of Cambodian boxing is evident with six Cambodian TV stations broadcasting weekly tournaments.

Similarly, to Muay Thai, at the start of the match boxers practice kun kru, the playing rituals. In addition, traditional Cambodian music, which is performed with the instruments skor yaul (a type of drum), the sralai (reed flute) and the chhing (cymbals), is played throughout the match.

The Major Rules of Kun Khmer
An athlete is not allowed to strike his/her opponent when he/she is on the ground.
He/she is not allowed to bite.
When an opponent is not able to continue, the referee stops the fight.
Blows to the back are not allowed.
Holding on to the ropes is not allowed.
Blows to the genitals are prohibited.
The sport is governed in Cambodia by the Kun Khmer Federation (KKF).
Recent History and Near Extinction
Kun Khmer has survived near extinction. It has been kept alive by numerous masters and practitioners in an effort to preserve the ancient art and culture of Cambodia. The major threat to Kun Khmer came in the form of the brutal Khmer Rouge regime. Kun Khmer was banned when the Khmer Rouge came to power in 1975, and many top fighters were killed. Seen as a direct threat to Pol Pot’s totalitarian government, Kum Khmer warriors were systematically rooted out. Along with doctors, teachers and anyone else seen as representative of the “old society,” practitioners of the art were brutally killed under the dictator’s orders. The sport resurfaced once again after the Khmer Rouge were ousted in 1979.

Kun Khmer vs. Muay Thai
As a sport and fighting art, today’s Kun Khmer shares many similarities with Muay Thai, which is familiar to those who follow Thai boxing. These similarities include the traditional dance performed by fighters before a bout, as well as the traditional music played during a fight, which increases in tempo each round to encourage the fighters to fight harder. Since in both Thai and Cambodian boxing fighters believe that tattoos bring good luck, such tattoos are commonly seen on the bodies of both Thai and Cambodian boxers. The major difference between the arts is that Kun Khmer tends to favour the use of elbows and punches more than Muay Thai fighters who predominantly focus on kicking. When observing fights between Thais and Cambodians, commentators often compare the two arts in international competitions, noting that while Cambodian fighters may not be as skillful on the international stage, they often have great heart, conditioning, mental hardness, determination, as well as deadly elbows!
គុនខ្មែរមានដើមកំណើតប្រហាក់ប្រហែលនឹងមៃថៃរបស់ឡាវឡៃវៃរបស់មីយ៉ាន់ម៉ានិងឡាវរបស់ឡាវ។ សិល្បៈក្បាច់គុនបុរាណដែលមានអាយុកាលតាំងពីសម័យចក្រភពអង្គរមកបច្ចុប្បន្នគុនខ្មែរត្រូវបានគេចាត់ទុកថាជាកីឡាជាតិរបស់កម្ពុជា។ គុនខ្មែរត្រូវបានគេហៅផងដែរថាប្រដាល់សេរីដែលអាចបកប្រែថា“ ប្រយុទ្ធដោយសេរី” ។ ខណៈពេលដែលវាអាចមានភាពស្រដៀងគ្នាជាច្រើនចំពោះកីឡាប្រដាល់ Muay Thai ប្រជាជនកម្ពុជានិយាយថាគុនខ្មែរមានប្រវត្តិជ្រៅនិងសំបូរបែបរៀងៗខ្លួន។ មនុស្សជាច្រើនថែមទាំងអះអាងថាប្រដាល់សេរីមានដើមកំណើតមកពីគុនខ្មែរ។ នៅសម័យបុរាណគុនខ្មែរតែងតែវាយគ្នារហូតដល់ស្លាប់។ អ្នកប្រយុទ្ធមិនពាក់ស្រោមដៃឬពាក់សែលលើកណ្តាប់ដៃដើម្បីធ្វើឱ្យខូចខាតអតិបរមា។

នៅក្នុងយុគសម័យទំនើបគុនខ្មែរក្បួនគ្រប់គ្រងកីឡាគឺប្រហាក់ប្រហែលនឹងកីឡាប្រដាល់គុនខ្មែរហើយការប្រកួតមាន ៥ ទឹក ដោយមួយទឹកមាន៣ នាទី មានពាក់ស្រោមដៃ ដែលគេហៅថាហ្គង់។ ក្នុងនាមជាកីឡាជាតិរបស់កម្ពុជាប្រជាប្រិយភាពរបស់កីឡាប្រដាល់កម្ពុជាត្រូវបានបង្ហាញឱ្យឃើញដោយមានស្ថានីយ៍ទូរទស្សន៍កម្ពុជាចំនួន ៦ ដែលផ្សាយការប្រកួតប្រចាំសប្តាហ៍

ស្រដៀងគ្នាទៅនឹងកីឡាប្រដាល់គុនថៃដែរនៅពេលចាប់ផ្តើមការប្រកួតអ្នកប្រដាល់អនុវត្តក្បាច់គុណគ្រូ (ថ្វាយគ្រូ)។ លើសពីនេះតន្ត្រីប្រពៃណីខ្មែរដែលត្រូវបានប្រគុំកំដរជាមួយឧបករណ៍ស្គរយ៉ាល (ស្គរប្រភេទ) ស្រឡៃ (ខ្លុយខ្លែង) និងខ្លុយ (ស៊ីប) ដើម្បីរន្ធើនការប្រកួតអោយកាន់តែរន្ទត់ញាប់ញ័រ។
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